How is Cashmere Made And Graded?

If you take a look at the labels on most sweaters and scarves that streak the streets of the elite, you will find the word cashmere. Unfortunately, only a few of these so-called cashmere products are authentic. At best, many of these clothes are made of leftovers from processing real cashmere. At worst, they contain only traces of cashmere, combined with materials like plant wool, and synthetic materials.

How Cashmere Fabric Is Manufactured

1. Collecting The Hair

The hair from cashmere goats is shorn and collected in its raw state by the farmers. Although ethical concerns have been raised by activists, this process is done without harming the goats. At this stage, the hairs still contain all the natural oils and dirt from the goats. The collection process is done when the goat is molting. 

 2. Cleaning The Hair

At this stage, the oils and impurities are removed from the hair as carefully as possible, and with mild substances that preserve its integrity. After that, the raw fur will be ready for the next stage.

 3. Combing The Hair

This tedious process involves combing the wool fibers individually into straight lines, before putting them in light groups for the next stage.

 4. Spinning the Hair

After grouping, the cashmere is transferred to a spinning tool and spun into yarn. This stage is further differentiated by the transformation of the yarn. The thin yarn is used in making jewelry, clothes, bags, while the thick yarn is used in making blankets, poufs, and sweaters.

5. Cleaning The Hair a Second Time 

At this state, the wool fibers are cleaned again and prepared to be woven. Some manufacturers prefer to dye the fibers at this stage, and others prefer to apply dye after it has been woven.

6. Weaving Into Fabrics, Dyeing, and Treatments

The cashmere is woven into articles of clothing either by hand with mechanical weavers. Handweaving takes more time and is always more expensive than machine weaving. The finished products may be scarves, sweaters, underwear, etc.

At this stage, if the hair has not been dyed, the dye is applied in its finished form, before further treatment is done. Also, some manufacturers prefer to enhance the fire-retarding properties of the material. Then, the cashmere is branded and released for sale.

3 Grades Of Cashmere

Besides the other alternatives, cashmere is graded into 3 distinct groups to ensure that buyers get the high-quality cashmere products they want.

1. Grade A Cashmere

This type of thin hair produces the softest fabrics, measuring 34mm long and 16.5 microns in diameter.

2. Grade B Cashmere

This grade of cashmere measures about 19 microns in diameter and is mostly separated at the combining stage. It is still of good quality, but the durability is compromised compared to grade A.

3. Grade C Cashmere

This cashmere is of the lowest quality cashmere with a diameter of about 30 microns. This means the attires gotten will be scratchy, and pill easily.


High-quality cashmere, though expensive, is durable and represents luxury and class. Although it is not ideal for insulation, it is perfect for clothes worn directly on the skin. Visit for high-quality cashmere products.