For this technique a mesh is used to transfer all the inks onto the material and blocking the other parts of the material with a stencil. This whole process of printing products is known as screen printing. To fill up the open spaces in the mesh a blade or a squeegee is moved across the screen which contains ink. The screen then is touching the substrate due to the reverse stroke. The screen springs back after the blade has been pulled, which causes the ink to fill in the substrate and eventually the substrate is being pulled out of the mesh. This process is known in various terms such as silkscreen printing, serigraphy and serigraphy printing. These days for better performance, synthetic threads are used in this type of printing. The mesh used these days is made up of polyester. The outcome and look or quality of the end product mainly depends on the type and size of the mesh.
Screen printing is used in different types of business such as:
- medical devices
- labels for products
- textile fabric
- graphics on snowboard
- thick film technology
- pinball machine
- circuit board printing
History of this printing method
This form of printing first was introduced in the country China when the Song Dynasty was flourishing. Later it was adapted by other countries in Asia like Japan and other countries. Experiment was done with photo reactive chemicals in the early 1910s for photo reactive stencils. The serigraphy term was coined in the 1930s by a group of artists who founded the National Serigraphy Society. It has been said that this method of printing is the most versatile of all other methods of printing. it has become a cultural aesthetic as we get to see such printing used un movie posters, flyers, shirts, album covers and many more.